1320 Matthews Township Pky
Suite 101
Matthews, NC 28105
ph 704.246.7241
fax 704.246.8545
Periodontics of Charlotte

The Periodontist

Why does your dentist refer you to a periodontist?

Your general dentist has referred you to a periodontist because your gums need special care. A periodontist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease along with prevention.

Your dentist, by referring you, wants the most optimum treatment. We encourage recommendations from your dentists and physicians for evaluations and welcome referrals of your friends and relatives.

Your teeth and gums are very important to us here at Periodontics of Charlotte. We dedicate ourselves to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease is an infection of the gum and bone around the teeth. It is caused by the germs in your mouth. The first stage is when the germs infect the gums only and it is called gingivitis.

Gingivitis is an infection of the gums only. This may cause the gums to become red and swollen and may sometimes lead to bleeding during tooth brushing. Over time if the gingivitis or gum disease is left untreated, the infection goes deeper and infects the bone around the teeth. At this stage it is called periodontitis.

Periodontitis is an advanced form of gum disease. Early gum disease causes the gums to pull away from the teeth. This leaves deep pockets where plaque and bacteria can build up. Periodontitis can progress until the bones that support the teeth are damaged. Teeth may get loose and fall out or need to be removed. In most cases people do not realize that they have the infection because it doesn’t hurt. By the time it does hurt, it’s usually too late to save the teeth.

Symptoms of gingivitis or gum disease include:

  • Bleeding gums when brushing your teeth
  • Bright red or red-purple appearance to gums
  • Tender gums when touched
  • Swollen gums
  • Mouth sores
  • A shiny appearance to gums
  • Loose teeth
  • No symptoms or appearance changes except your dental hygienist or dentist measuring deeper “pockets”

Many people have no symptoms of periodontal disease.

Perio Info

Factors that increase periodontal disease include:

  • Smoking or chewing tobacco
  • Diabetes or heart disease
  • Crooked teeth
  • Crooked or large dental restorations
  • Some types of medication such as steroids
  • Hormonal changes in women such as pregnancy or menopause.
  • Autoimmune and arthritis influence

When gum disease develops, the body deposits a mineral layer under the gums. This layer is called tartar or calculus. Tartar causes the gums to become swollen. The first step in treating the gum disease is to remove this layer of tartar.

The procedure for removing tartar is called Scaling and Root Planing and is one of the most effective ways to treat gum disease before it becomes severe.

Call Periodontics of Charlotte today or contact us for more information.